For the study of historical dress; consisting of analyses of costume in paintings, translations of and research into fashion plates, and occasionally actual sewing.
Wow, these costume plates are fantastic! That petticoat is absolutely amazing, would the design have been painted on?
It's hard to say. Because of the repeat, I'd assume it's woven down one side of the fabric, but that's not a very common method of manufacture at that time. So it could be painted!